April 23, 2017, 12:44 p.m.
Effective asthma treatment requires routine tracking of symptoms and compliance to asthma medication. Taking effort in managing your asthma treatment will help you maintain better asthma control, prevent asthma attacks and avoid long-term problems.
Follow this 5 steps to keep asthma symptoms under control and prevent asthma attacks.
1. Having an asthma diary:
Write down your symptoms in an asthma diary each day. Recording symptoms can help you and your doctor to recognize when you need to make treatment adjustments to your asthma action plan. Record when you have:
2. Avoid your triggers:
Taking steps to reduce your exposure asthma triggers is a key part of asthma control. This includes:
3. Having an asthma action plan
An asthma action plan should be made between you and your doctor as you may need to adjust your medications according to your symptoms frequency and severity. Your written asthma action plan will let you know exactly when and how to make adjustments.
There are two main types of medications used to treat asthma:
Knowing when to use these medications can help prevent an impending asthma attack.
If you frequently use a quick-relief inhaler to treat symptoms, your asthma isn't under control. Follow your asthma action plan which will usually advise you to start or increase your long-term control medication dosage for few days to weeks before dropping back to your usual dose. This is common when a patient has a flu/common cold or during pollen seasons. And if you are still not better please see your doctor about making treatment changes.
4. Work with your doctor
Asthma symptoms and severity are always changing. Meet with your doctor regularly to review your treatment. Take your asthma diary and action plan with you so that you can review them with your doctor and make any needed changes to your treatment plan.
Here are some reasons why you might need to adjust your medications:
5. Stay healthy
Taking care of yourself can help keep your symptoms under control, including:
(Dr Lee Chong Han)
(The article is provided only for medical education purposes. It is by no mean to substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. These are medical procedures performed by medical professional and should not be performed in a non-medical setting. Please contact your own physician or other qualified health care provider with any questions you may have regarding your medical condition.)